|This tutorial Adding More Colors to Color Maps in Vue
was created in Vue 5 Infinite, however, it will work in other
versions of Vue. If you paint, be it digitally or with an
actual brush, you will use many colors to form even a solid color.
Grass for example is never just green, nor even shades of green.
Below is a green terrain created from the Grass and Rock material
in Vue 5 Infinite, which is a mixed material. I used it because,
even though I wanted something that was mainly green, I wanted some
spots of earth showing through. Even though the green material
produced some highlights, I felt it could be enlivened and look
more natural. I decided to edit just the green material, which was
material #2 or Global Grass.
To do that, I right clicked on material #2, which produced a
menu (see below). I then Clicked on Edit Material.
Clicking on Edit Material initiated the screen below and
showed a small version of material #2's color map. (The screen
capture is a section of a larger menu.)
If one wants to edit the color map, one needs to right click
on it to bring up another menu. Choose the first option, Edit
Color Map. This will produce the following screen.
Then, to change or add colors to the color map, double click
on the color map in the area that you want to change. A tiny line
will protrude from the bottom of the color map and the Select
Color screen will appear.
Choose the color you want by double clicking on the color
and clicking OK. The change will appear in the Current
color immediately below it, as well as in the color map. Also
notice that a little circle has appeared at the bottom of the line.
When the circle is black, that area is active. Later in the review
I will show how to squeeze the bright pink into a straight line so
that there is only a hint of it in the color map.
Here is where the creativity starts. Without any modification, the
green grass produced by Material #2 was relatively dark.
An enlarged version of its original color map looked like the
screen capture below.
I wanted to do two things. I wanted to lighten the green, and I
wanted to add hints of other colors; thus I wanted to create bands.
There are a few ways to create a thin band. One can either add a
color next to it similar to the adjacent color. If the band was
yellow, I would have added green adjacent to the yellow. Or one can
click on the color map near the place where a band is desired and
move the other color toward the band, thereby compressing a broader
band of yellow into the narrow band, for example. Notice the number
of circles at the base of the color map below compared to the one
above. I added yellow to the color map and then the colors I would
have used had I been painting the terrain with a brush (digital or
otherwise). The pink was to give a little color, as if there might
have been some wild flowers present but not necessarily visible.
The final grass looked like the screen capture below.
Normally when one paints grass, a number of colors are used, but
not necessarily identifiable. Such is the grass above. Had I wanted
splotches of color, I would have added larger bands of color to my
basically green Color Map. Color maps offer a lot of options. Since
I wrote this tutorial, I have been working on modifying the
functions in the Material Editor so the texture of the grass is
different; however, I did not want to add that variable to this
tutorial since the important aspect was using the color map.
- The Paula Sander's Report is a regular
Renderosity Front Page featured column, where Paula [Renderosity's
Sr. Staff Writer] investigates and comments on graphic software,
techniques, and other relevant material through her reviews,
tutorials, and general articles.