Bhutan and Nepal are the only countries in the area which have been independent throughout their history, never conquered, occupied, or governed by an outside power. The mountain passes leading into Bhutan were guarded by fortress monasteries known as Dzongs which helped to keep the country independent. The architecture is massive in style with towering exterior walls surrounding a complex of courtyards, temples, administrative offices, and monks' accommodations. Dzongs serve as the religious, military, administrative, and social centers of their district. They are often the site of an annual tsechu or religious festival.
The Rinpung Dzong constructed in 1644 and seen below is a typical example. On the hill above Rinpung Dzong is a seven storied watchtower fortress or Ta Dzong built in 1649 as an early warning system against any invasion.
Feb 9, 2013 11:55:26 pmby JuliSonne Homepage »
They have not only the "holistic medicine". They have also created a "holistic living". Prepared for anything. Religious, military, administrative and social well ..... everything for their people and in harmony with nature. I have great respect.
Very clearly in words and pictures, Mark.
Feb 11, 2013 10:38:02 pmby Chipka Homepage »
What architecture! It's funny how universal some things are: no matter where one may be from or what they believe, fortress thingies all tend to look the same (with only a few cosmetic differences). I've seen this shape and overall architectural composition repeated endless around the globe, but I have to say that I really like this particular take on it. I also love the way the fortress-temple-monastery-festival grounds seem to sprout from the rock. This is brilliantly seen and I am happy to finally start catching up a little bit.